Monday, April 16, 2007

bracha on a zecher l'mikdash

The Biblical mitzvah of lulav applies outside the Mikdash for only the first day of Yom Tov, but as a zecher l’mikdash, in remembrance of the Mikdash which we no longer have, we take lulav for all 7 days of the holiday. The gemara (Sukkah 46) quotes R’ Yehoshua ben Levi that only the first day is “mitzvas lulav”, but the remainder of the days are “mitzvas zekeinim”. Rashi explains that RYbL held that the bracha on lulav should be recited only on the first day of Yom Tov, but the bracha of netilas lulav should not be recited on the days instituted as a zecher l’mikdash. Rav disagrees, and holds that the bracha of lulav should be recited on all 7 days.

Perhaps the gemara’s debate can be explained in light of the Brisker Rav’s (Menachos 66 stencil) suggestion of two different possible understandings of the concept of zecher l’mikdash: 1) despite the loss of the Mikdash which would nullify certain mitzvos, the Rabbis instituted that the nullification be ignored and the same mitzvah continue for posterity as a remembrance; 2) the destruction of the Mikdash did nullify the original mitzvah, but the Rabbis instituted new acts that were similar to the original nullified mitzvah to serve as a remembrance of what was.

If one adopts the first approach, then the same mitzvah of lulav which was in force for 7 days at the time of the Mikdash continued even post-destruction and the same bracha of netilas lulav should be recited. However, if one holds that that the mitzvah of lulav was cancelled with the destruction of Mikdash and all we have left is a new mitzvah to remember what once was, then this new mitzvah of zecher l’mikdash should not require a bracha of netilas lulav, as the mitzvah being fulfilled is not one of netilas lulav, but simply the mitzvah of making a zecher l’mikdash.

5 comments:

  1. Bill Selliger4:38 PM

    Lulav was only instituted for 7 days in the BH"M. Since as a rememberance we take the lulav all 7 days everywhere, wouldn't you be forced to say like the second tzad?

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  2. Anonymous7:01 PM

    Echoing bill selliger - in this situation, how cant it be #2?

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  3. Why wouldn't mitzva lishmoa divrei chachamim apply in either understanding? Isn't that the justification of brachot on takkanot derabannan?

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  4. With regard to Bill's question, I don't think applying the mitzvah outside the makom mikdash is worse/different than applying it outside the zman of mikdash. By definition, a zecher l'mikdash applies outside the original context of time/place. Compare with shofar.

    David, I think you are thinking of the ner chanukah sugya, which is asked by the Sefas Emes. His approach is that you are forced to say that not all derabbanans are equal; a zecher l'mikdash is not mechayeiv bracha the way a real takanah is. Compare with mitzvas aravah which is also a derabbanan that is not mechayeiv bracha (acc to some shitos).

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