Some Jews chose not to back the state. Our Gedolim felt that they could join with the state, on condition that they be granted autonomy. They would have their own education system, and other autonomous rights. This was the basis of the status quo agreement.I'm curious: which gedolim is he is referring to when he says "our Gedolim" and what agreement (which apparently the state, at least in his view, was a willing party to) is he talking about? Can someone point me to anything in writing from chareidi gedolim that would indicate an acceptance of zionism in exchange for a quid pro quo acceptance of charedi autonomy in certain areas? Excuse my ignorance if this is something everyone knows about except me.
Simply as a matter of government/politics, for a democratic state to grant autonomous rights to a select group of citizens would be pretty remarkable.
As for the rest of the speech -- it's not worth dissecting. I've abandoned all hope of understanding the arguments and rhetoric of the chareidi world. I don't think anyone not already drinking the kool-aid is convinced by these speeches, and that's probably not the goal anyway -- it's probably just to rally those already on board.
Update: Daniel commented that R' Feldman was referring to Ben Gurion's letter of 1947. Only problem is Ben Gurion's letter specifically says, "The state will naturally determine the minimum requirement of compulsory studies in Hebrew language, history, science, and so forth, and will supervise this minimum." So I'm still confused as to why R' Feldman would start with this point, but what do I know.